Jal Jeevan Mission

Har Ghar Jal Jal Jeevan Mission

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is a flagship program launched by the Government of India in 2019 with the aim of providing safe and adequate drinking water to every rural household in the country by 2024. The program aims to ensure water supply to every household through functional household tap connections (FHTCs) by providing piped water supply (Har Ghar Nal Se Jal) to all rural households. The program is being implemented in a phased manner, with the first phase commencing in 2019-20 and the subsequent phases covering the remaining households in a time-bound manner. The program is being implemented in collaboration with the state governments and other stakeholders. The mission is expected to not only improve the health and well-being of rural communities but also promote sustainable development and economic growth in the country.

SAVE WATER
SAVE LIFE

Objectives

  • To provide access to safe and adequate drinking water to all rural households in India.
  • To ensure that every household has access to functional household tap connections (FHTCs) with an assured supply of potable water.
  • To promote the use of sustainable water management practices, including source sustainability measures and water conservation techniques.
  • To create awareness among rural communities about the importance of water conservation, hygiene, and sanitation.
  • To empower and involve local communities, particularly women, in the planning, implementation, and management of water supply schemes.
  • To promote the use of modern technology, innovation, and best practices in water supply and management.
  • To improve the overall health, well-being, and quality of life of rural communities through the provision of safe and adequate drinking water.

Key Components

  1. Infrastructure Development: The mission aims to develop and augment water supply infrastructure to provide potable water to every rural household. This includes construction of water supply schemes, installation of water treatment plants, laying of pipelines, and creation of water storage structures.
  2. Convergence: The mission seeks to converge various water supply schemes implemented by different departments and agencies to ensure optimal utilization of resources and improve the efficiency of the water supply system.
  3. Community Participation: The mission emphasizes the involvement and participation of local communities, particularly women, in the planning, implementation, and management of water supply schemes. This includes formation of Water User Committees (WUCs) and training of local communities in water conservation and management practices.
  4. Information, Education and Communication (IEC): The mission aims to create awareness among rural communities about the importance of safe drinking water, hygiene, and sanitation through IEC activities. This includes mass media campaigns, outreach programs, and behavior change communication initiatives.
  5. Monitoring and Evaluation: The mission has a strong monitoring and evaluation framework to track the progress of implementation, assess the impact, and ensure the quality of service delivery. This includes regular review meetings, independent assessments, and use of technology for real-time monitoring.
  6. Capacity Building: The mission aims to build the capacity of stakeholders, including government officials, technical personnel, and local communities, through training and skill development programs. This includes training on water supply and management, operation and maintenance of infrastructure, and financial management.
  7. Innovation and Technology: The mission promotes the use of innovative technologies and practices to improve the efficiency, sustainability, and resilience of the water supply system. This includes adoption of smart water management systems, use of renewable energy sources, and application of digital technologies for data management and analysis.

Implementation Strategy

water tap with  A lady
  1. Planning: The first step in implementing the mission is to prepare a Village Action Plan (VAP) for each village, which includes identification of water sources, estimation of demand, and formulation of a water supply scheme. The VAP is prepared with the active participation of the local community and is approved by the Gram Sabha.
  2. Resource Mobilization: The mission requires a significant amount of financial resources, and therefore, resource mobilization is a crucial component of the implementation strategy. The central government provides financial assistance to the state governments, and the state governments are required to match the contribution. The mission also encourages public-private partnerships and community contributions.
  3. Implementation: The implementation of the mission is carried out by the state governments, with technical assistance from various institutions such as the Ministry of Jal Shakti, National Jal Jeevan Mission, and other technical institutions. The implementation process involves the construction of water supply infrastructure, installation of water treatment plants, laying of pipelines, and creation of water storage structures.
  4. Capacity Building: Capacity building of stakeholders is a key aspect of the implementation strategy. The mission provides training and skill development programs for government officials, technical personnel, and local communities. The training programs focus on water supply and management, operation and maintenance of infrastructure, and financial management.
  5. Monitoring and Evaluation: The mission has a robust monitoring and evaluation framework to track the progress of implementation and assess the impact of the mission. The monitoring and evaluation process involves regular review meetings, independent assessments, and use of technology for real-time monitoring.
  6. Sustainability: The mission emphasizes the sustainability of the water supply system, and therefore, the implementation strategy includes the promotion of sustainable water management practices, including source sustainability measures and water conservation techniques. The mission also promotes the use of renewable energy sources and innovative technologies to improve the efficiency and resilience of the water supply system.

Achievements and Progress

  1. Increase in Coverage: The mission has increased the coverage of households with tap water connections from 3.23 crore (32.3 million) in August 2019 to 11.26 crore (112.6 million) as of April 2023, which is an increase of more than three times in less than three years.
  2. Focus on Priority Areas: The mission has prioritized the most water-stressed areas of the country for the implementation of water supply schemes. As of April 2023, more than 80% of the households provided with tap water connections are from the 100 most water-stressed districts of India.
  3. Infrastructure Development: The mission has focused on infrastructure development to provide tap water connections to households. As of April 2023, more than 2.5 lakh (250,000) water supply schemes have been sanctioned, and more than 1.5 lakh (150,000) schemes have been completed.
  4. Community Participation: The mission has emphasized community participation in the planning, implementation, and management of water supply schemes. As of April 2023, more than 4.5 lakh (450,000) Water User Committees (WUCs) have been formed, and more than 10 lakh (1 million) people have been trained in water conservation and management practices.
  5. Use of Technology: The mission has leveraged technology for real-time monitoring and management of water supply schemes. The mission has developed a mobile application, the JJM app, which allows for monitoring of the progress of water supply schemes in real-time.
  6. Capacity Building: The mission has focused on capacity building of stakeholders through training and skill development programs. As of April 2023, more than 1.2 lakh (120,000) government officials and technical personnel have been trained.
  7. Recognition: The Jal Jeevan Mission has received recognition and awards from various national and international organizations, including the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), for its efforts in providing access to safe and potable water to rural households in India.

Challenges

Funding

Despite significant budget allocation for the mission, funding is a challenge at the implementation level. The implementation of water supply schemes requires a significant amount of financial resources, and the allocation of funds to the mission needs to be timely and adequate.

Technical Capacity

The implementation of water supply schemes requires technical expertise and knowledge, which is often lacking at the implementation level. Capacity building and training programs need to be conducted regularly to ensure that technical personnel have the necessary skills to implement the mission successfully.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The mission relies heavily on monitoring and evaluation to ensure that the implementation of water supply schemes is on track. However, the lack of real-time data and monitoring systems at the implementation level can lead to delays in the completion of water supply schemes.

Water Quality

Providing access to safe and potable water is one of the key objectives of the mission. However, ensuring the quality of water supplied to households is a challenge, and there is a need to focus on the maintenance of water supply infrastructure to ensure the delivery of safe and potable water.

Geographic Challenges

The implementation of water supply schemes in remote and hilly areas can be challenging due to geographic constraints. The terrain and accessibility can pose significant challenges in the implementation of water supply schemes.

Community Participation

While community participation is essential for the success of the mission, it can also be a challenge. Ensuring the participation of all members of the community, including women and marginalized sections, can be difficult, and there is a need to ensure that the benefits of the mission are distributed equitably.

Impact and Importance

  • Improved Health: Access to safe and potable water is essential for good health. The mission aims to provide safe and potable water to rural households, which can have a significant impact on reducing water-borne diseases and improving health outcomes.
  • Women Empowerment: Women are often responsible for water collection in rural households. The provision of tap water connections can significantly reduce the burden of women in collecting water and allow them to focus on other productive activities.
  • Economic Development: Access to safe and potable water is essential for agricultural and economic activities. The provision of tap water connections can have a significant impact on the productivity of agriculture and other economic activities.
  • Environmental Sustainability: The mission promotes the use of sustainable water management practices, including rainwater harvesting and groundwater recharge, which can have a significant impact on environmental sustainability.
  • Social Inclusion: The mission emphasizes community participation and aims to ensure that the benefits of the mission are distributed equitably, including to marginalized sections of society. This can have a significant impact on social inclusion and reducing inequality.
  • International Recognition: The Jal Jeevan Mission has received international recognition and awards from various organizations, including the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), for its efforts in providing access to safe and potable water to rural households in India.

Future Plans and Prospects

  • Accelerated Implementation: The mission aims to accelerate the implementation of water supply schemes in order to achieve its goal of providing tap water connections to every rural household by 2024. This includes increasing the pace of implementation and leveraging technology to improve monitoring and evaluation.
  • Focus on Quality: The mission aims to focus on the quality of water supplied to households. This includes ensuring that the water supplied is safe and potable, and maintaining the infrastructure to ensure the delivery of high-quality water.
  • Capacity Building: The mission aims to focus on capacity building and training programs to ensure that technical personnel have the necessary skills to implement the mission successfully. This includes training programs for engineers, operators, and community-level functionaries.
  • Sustainability: The mission aims to focus on the sustainability of water supply schemes. This includes promoting the use of sustainable water management practices, such as rainwater harvesting and groundwater recharge, and ensuring that water supply schemes are designed and implemented in a manner that ensures their sustainability.
  • Innovation: The mission aims to promote innovation in the implementation of water supply schemes. This includes the use of new and innovative technologies, such as Internet of Things (IoT) devices and mobile applications, to improve the monitoring and evaluation of water supply schemes.
  • Collaboration: The mission aims to collaborate with various stakeholders, including state governments, civil society organizations, and private sector entities, to achieve its objectives. This includes promoting public-private partnerships and engaging with local communities to ensure their participation in the mission.

Conclusion and Recommendations

The Jal Jeevan Mission is a critical initiative that aims to provide access to safe and potable water to every rural household in India by 2024. The mission has made significant progress towards achieving its objectives, but there are still several challenges that need to be addressed to ensure its success.

By implementing these recommendations, the Jal Jeevan Mission can achieve its objectives of providing access to safe and potable water to every rural household in India by 2024. The successful implementation of the mission can have a significant impact on the lives of people in rural areas of India, promoting economic development, improving health outcomes, and ensuring environmental sustainability.

What is Jal Jeevan Mission?

Jal Jeevan Mission is a flagship program of the Indian Government that aims to provide safe and potable drinking water to every rural household in India by 2024.

How is Jal Jeevan Mission being implemented?

The Jal Jeevan Mission is being implemented through a decentralized approach, with the involvement of local communities, state governments, and various stakeholders. The mission aims to promote community involvement in the planning, implementation, and monitoring of water supply schemes.

What are the benefits of Jal Jeevan Mission?

The Jal Jeevan Mission aims to provide access to safe and potable drinking water to every rural household in India, which can have significant benefits in terms of promoting health, economic development, and environmental sustainability.

What are the challenges faced by Jal Jeevan Mission?

The Jal Jeevan Mission faces several challenges, including inadequate funding, lack of technical capacity, limited community participation, and the sustainability of water supply schemes.

How can individuals contribute to Jal Jeevan Mission?

Individuals can contribute to Jal Jeevan Mission by promoting water conservation practices, supporting the implementation of water supply schemes in their local communities, and spreading awareness about the importance of safe and potable drinking water.

Apna Samaaj

Our mission at Apna Samaaj is to connect underprivileged communities in India with the resources and opportunities they need to thrive. We aim to create a comprehensive platform that provides access to welfare schemes from government bodies and NGOs, as well as private organizations, helping to bridge the gap between those in need and those who can provide support. Through our efforts, we strive to empower individuals and communities, drive economic growth, and make a positive impact on society.