National Food Security

MOVING FROM WELFARE TO BASIC HUMAN RIGHT

Indian Constitution does not specifically address the issue of food for all . Art. 21 of the Constitution defines the fundamental right to live. This means that each citizen has the right to lead a dignified life . The right to live includes the right to obtain food for living an active and healthy life. Food security by easy and continuous access to food through Public Distribution channel, the concept is being amplified for better living. From Welfare of citizens the concept has moved to Right of citizen to obtain food. Under the National Food Security Act, 75% of rural population and 50% of urban population shall receive food grains at subsidised cost. two third of the population is covered by this act to receive highly subsidised foodgrains. The eldest woman of the household is considered as the head of the house hold provided she is over the age of 18 years.

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LIFE -CYCLE APPROACH : Special provisions have been made for pregnant women and lactating mothers as well as children aged 6 -14 years. The children earmarked are entitled to receive nutrition through Integrated Child Development Service Centres which are named ANGANWADI CENTRES. The children are further covered by the school mid day meal schemes through out the country. For children upto the age of 6 years who are mal nourished are to be supplied higher nutritional standards. Pregnant and lactating mothers are entitled to Rs6000 Cash Maternity Benefit to compensate for their job loss due to motherhood. If these persons do not receive foodgrains, they are entitled to a cash component from State Government as security allowance.

The responsibility to evolve a criteria for such households, the State Government shall make rules and identify these households. Central Government provides for Direct Cash Benefit for reducing huge transfers , to allow the freedom of choosing their consumption basket and promote financial inclusion.

Coverage of population under Targeted Public Distribution System.— The percentage
coverage under the Targeted Public Distribution System in rural and urban areas for each State shall be determined by the Central Government and the total number of
persons to be covered in such rural and urban areas of the State shall be calculated on the basis of the population estimates as per the census of which the relevant figures have been publish

RATION CARDS UNDER NFSA Citizens are urged to apply for obtaining New Ration Cards online

The Public Distribution System will be reformed as under
(a) doorstep delivery of foodgrains to the Targeted Public Distribution System outlets
(b) application of information and communication technology tools including end-to-end
computerisation in order to ensure transparent recording of transactions at all levels, and to prevent diversion;
(c) leveraging ”aadhaar” for unique identification, with biometric information of entitled
beneficiaries for proper targeting of benefits under this Act
(d) full transparency of records;
(e) preference to public institutions or public bodies such as Panchayats, selfhelp groups, cooperatives in licensing of fair price shops and management of fair price shops by women or their collectives
(f) diversification of commodities distributed under the Public Distribution System over a period
of time;
(g) support to local public distribution models and grains banks;
(h) introducing schemes, such as, cash transfer, food coupons, or other schemes, to the targeted
beneficiaries in order to ensure their foodgrain entitlement

Food security for people living in remote, hilly and tribal areas.—The Central Government
and the State Governments shall, while implementing the provisions of this Act and the schemes for meeting specified entitlements, give special focus to the needs of the vulnerable groups especially in remote areas and other areas which are difficult to access, hilly and tribal areas for ensuring their food security.Steps to further advance food and nutritional security.—The Central Government, the State Governments and local authorities shall, for the purpose of advancing food and nutritional security, strive to progressively realise the objectives specified in the act.

  1. To get FOOD is my Right and I shall have it –

To make sure that the population of our country gets adequate food and those deprived sections of the population do not go hungry is the basic tenet of a welfare state. According to UN census nearly 200 million people in India are undernourished. The National Food Security Act ensures supply of food grains at highly subsidised price to 80 crore population. This is no mean achievement.

Apna Samaaj

Our mission at Apna Samaaj is to connect underprivileged communities in India with the resources and opportunities they need to thrive. We aim to create a comprehensive platform that provides access to welfare schemes from government bodies and NGOs, as well as private organizations, helping to bridge the gap between those in need and those who can provide support. Through our efforts, we strive to empower individuals and communities, drive economic growth, and make a positive impact on society.