Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana

Modi G standing with folded hands with grain

The scheme provides relief to the poor and vulnerable sections of the society, who have been hit the hardest by the pandemic and its economic fallout. It helps to alleviate poverty and provides a safety net for the vulnerable sections of the society.

Ration is being distributed to poor people

The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY) is a flagship scheme launched by the Government of India in March 2020, with the aim of providing food security to the economically weaker sections of the society who have been adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The scheme aims to provide free food grains to around 800 million people for a period of eight months, starting from April 2020 to November 2020. PMGKAY is a part of the larger Atmanirbhar Bharat package announced by the government to support and revive the economy in the wake of the pandemic. The scheme is implemented by the Department of Food and Public Distribution, Government of India, and is seen as a crucial step in ensuring that no one goes hungry during these challenging times.

Objectives

  1. To provide food security to the economically weaker sections of the society who have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.
  2. To ensure that no one goes hungry during the lockdown period and subsequent phases of the pandemic.
  3. To provide additional food grain to the beneficiaries over and above their existing entitlements under the National Food Security Act (NFSA).
  4. To address the issue of migrant workers who are unable to access their food entitlements due to the lockdown and movement restrictions.
  5. To prevent any disruption in the supply chain of essential commodities and ensure the availability of food grains in the market.
  6. To support the agriculture sector by increasing the demand for food grains and providing a guaranteed minimum support price (MSP) to the farmers.
  7. To provide relief to the poor and vulnerable sections of the society, who have been hit the hardest by the pandemic and its economic fallout.

Eligibility Criteria For Availing Benefits Under PMGKAY

  • The beneficiary should be a part of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013 or State/UT-specific ration cardholders.
  • The beneficiary should not be covered under the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) scheme.
  • The beneficiary should not have availed benefits under any other food security scheme.
  • The beneficiary should not have any other source of income or support for their livelihood.
  • The beneficiary should be residing in the area where the distribution is being carried out.
  • The beneficiary should not be a government employee or a taxpayer.

It is important to note that the eligibility criteria may vary based on the guidelines issued by the state/UT governments. The beneficiaries can check with the concerned authorities to confirm their eligibility and avail the benefits under the scheme.

Coverage Under PMGKAY

poor people are carrying their ration
  1. The scheme provides free food grains to all the NFSA and State/UT-specific ration cardholders, excluding those who are already covered under the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) scheme.
  2. The scheme covers around 800 million beneficiaries across the country.
  3. Under the scheme, the beneficiaries are entitled to receive an additional 5 kg of food grains per person per month, over and above their existing entitlements under the NFSA.
  4. The beneficiaries are provided with 5 kg of wheat/rice per person per month, and 1 kg of pulse per household, for a period of eight months from April 2020 to November 2020.
  5. The scheme also covers the migrant workers who are not able to access their food entitlements due to the lockdown and movement restrictions.

Benefits Of PMGKAY

Provides food security

PMGKAY provides free food grains to the vulnerable sections of the society who have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. It helps to ensure that no one goes hungry during the lockdown and subsequent phases of the pandemic.

Additional support to the beneficiaries

The scheme provides additional support to the beneficiaries over and above their existing entitlements under the National Food Security Act (NFSA). Each beneficiary is entitled to receive an additional 5 kg of food grains per person per month, and 1 kg of pulse per household, for a period of eight months from April 2020 to November 2020.

Supports agriculture sector

The scheme supports the agriculture sector by increasing the demand for food grains and providing a guaranteed minimum support price (MSP) to the farmers.

Provides relief to migrant workers

The scheme covers the migrant workers who are not able to access their food entitlements due to the lockdown and movement restrictions. It ensures that they receive the necessary support and assistance during these difficult times.

Prevents disruption in food supply chain

The scheme ensures the availability of food grains in the market and prevents any disruption in the supply chain of essential commodities.

Alleviates poverty

The scheme provides relief to the poor and vulnerable sections of the society, who have been hit the hardest by the pandemic and its economic fallout. It helps to alleviate poverty and provides a safety net for the vulnerable sections of the society.

Overall, the PMGKAY provides significant benefits to the vulnerable sections of the society, who have been adversely affected by the pandemic. It helps to ensure food security, alleviate poverty, and provide additional support to the beneficiaries during these challenging times.

Implementation Of PMGKAY

  1. Identification of beneficiaries: The state/UT governments identify the beneficiaries who are eligible to receive the additional food grains under the PMGKAY. The beneficiaries are identified based on the National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013 or State/UT-specific ration cardholders.
  2. Procurement and allocation of food grains: The central government procures the required quantity of food grains from the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and other sources. The food grains are then allocated to the state/UT governments based on their requirements.
  3. Transportation and distribution of food grains: The state/UT governments transport and distribute the food grains to the designated Fair Price Shops (FPS). The beneficiaries can collect their entitlements from the FPS, following the COVID-19 safety protocols.
  4. Monitoring and reporting: The central government and state/UT governments monitor the implementation of the PMGKAY on a regular basis. The state/UT governments are required to report the details of the distribution of food grains to the central government on a weekly basis.
  5. Awareness and outreach: The state/UT governments carry out awareness and outreach campaigns to ensure that the beneficiaries are aware of the scheme and the benefits they are entitled to receive under it.

Role Of Different Stakeholders In PMGKAY

  • Central government: The central government plays a key role in the implementation of PMGKAY. It is responsible for the procurement and allocation of food grains to the state/UT governments. The central government also provides the necessary funds and support to ensure the smooth implementation of the scheme.
  • State/UT governments: The state/UT governments play a crucial role in the identification of beneficiaries, transportation, and distribution of food grains to the designated Fair Price Shops (FPS). They are also responsible for monitoring the implementation of the scheme and reporting the details of the distribution of food grains to the central government on a weekly basis.
  • Food Corporation of India (FCI): The FCI is responsible for the procurement of food grains from the farmers and other sources. It ensures that the food grains meet the necessary quality standards and are stored in appropriate storage facilities.
  • Fair Price Shops (FPS): The FPS play a vital role in the distribution of food grains to the beneficiaries. They are responsible for maintaining the necessary records and ensuring that the beneficiaries receive their entitlements in a timely and efficient manner.
  • Beneficiaries: The beneficiaries are the key stakeholders in the implementation of PMGKAY. They are responsible for collecting their entitlements from the designated FPS and ensuring that the food grains are utilized appropriately.

Success Of PMGKAY

Timely distribution of Food grains

The PMGKAY ensured the timely distribution of additional food grains to the beneficiaries during the COVID-19 pandemic. This ensured that the vulnerable sections of the society had access to sufficient food grains, even during the lockdown.

Coverage of a large number of beneficiaries

The PMGKAY provided additional food grains to over 81 crore beneficiaries across the country, making it one of the largest food security schemes in the world.

Smooth implementation

The PMGKAY was implemented smoothly, thanks to the close coordination and cooperation between the central government and the state/UT governments. The beneficiaries were able to collect their entitlements from the designated FPS, following the necessary COVID-19 safety protocols.

Positive impact on the lives of beneficiaries

The PMGKAY has had a positive impact on the lives of the beneficiaries. It has ensured that they have access to sufficient food grains, even during times of crisis. This has helped alleviate hunger and malnutrition among the vulnerable sections of the society.

What is the duration of PMGKAY?

PMGKAY was launched as a temporary measure in April 2020, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The scheme has been extended till November 2022, to provide continued support to the vulnerable sections of the society.

How much food grains are provided under PMGKAY?

Under PMGKAY, 5 kg of additional food grains per person per month is provided to the beneficiaries covered under NFSA. This is in addition to the regular entitlements of food grains provided under NFSA.

How does PMGKAY work?

PMGKAY works by providing additional food grains to the beneficiaries under the National Food Security Act, 2013. The central government procures and allocates the food grains to the state/UT governments, which are responsible for identifying the beneficiaries, transportation, and distribution of food grains to the designated Fair Price Shops (FPS).

What is PMGKAY and who is eligible for its benefits?

PMGKAY is a food security scheme launched by the Government of India to provide additional food grains to the beneficiaries under the National Food Security Act, 2013. All the ration cardholders covered under NFSA are eligible for the benefits of PMGKAY.

Conclusion

The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY) is a vital food security scheme launched by the Government of India to provide additional food grains to the beneficiaries under the National Food Security Act, 2013. The scheme has been successful in achieving its objectives of providing food security to the vulnerable sections of the society, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The PMGKAY has ensured timely distribution of food grains, covered a large number of beneficiaries, been implemented smoothly, and had a positive impact on the lives of beneficiaries. The scheme has played a crucial role in alleviating hunger and malnutrition among the vulnerable sections of the society. It is an important step towards ensuring food security and the well-being of all citizens of the country.

Apna Samaaj

Our mission at Apna Samaaj is to connect underprivileged communities in India with the resources and opportunities they need to thrive. We aim to create a comprehensive platform that provides access to welfare schemes from government bodies and NGOs, as well as private organizations, helping to bridge the gap between those in need and those who can provide support. Through our efforts, we strive to empower individuals and communities, drive economic growth, and make a positive impact on society.