Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Vikas Yojana

Introduction

Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Vikas Yojana is a government initiative launched in 2018 by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in India. The scheme aims to improve the livelihoods of tribal communities by utilizing their traditional knowledge of forest resources and providing them with a sustainable source of income.

van dhan yojana 
empowering tribal comminities through
 value addition  and standing couple with baby

Under the scheme, tribal communities are organized into Self Help Groups (SHGs) and trained to collect, process, and value-add forest products such as medicinal plants, honey, bamboo, and lac. These SHGs are then linked to market networks to sell their products at fair prices, thereby ensuring higher income for tribal communities and reducing their exploitation by middlemen.

The scheme is being implemented in various states across India and aims to cover around 50,000 SHGs, each consisting of 10-15 tribal artisans. The scheme provides support for infrastructure development, equipment, and training to the SHGs, with the aim of creating sustainable livelihood opportunities for tribal communities while preserving the environment.

Objectives

  • To provide sustainable livelihood opportunities to tribal communities by utilizing their traditional knowledge of forest resources and promoting value addition of forest products.
  • To enhance tribal income by linking them to market networks, providing them with a fair price for their products and reducing the role of middlemen.
  • To empower tribal communities by organizing them into Self Help Groups (SHGs) and providing them with training, infrastructure, and equipment to collect, process and value-add forest products.
  • To promote entrepreneurship among tribal communities and enable them to start their own micro-enterprises.
  • To generate employment opportunities for tribal youth, women and unemployed persons in the forest sector.
  • To preserve and promote the rich biodiversity of the forest areas through sustainable harvesting and processing of forest products.
  • To promote sustainable development and ensure the socio-economic development of tribal communities while preserving the environment.

Implementation

  • Identification of tribal areas: The first step in the implementation of the scheme is the identification of tribal areas in various states of India where the scheme can be implemented.
  • Formation of Self Help Groups (SHGs): Once the tribal areas are identified, tribal communities are organized into Self Help Groups (SHGs) consisting of 10-15 members. The SHGs are registered and trained to collect, process and value-add forest products.
  • Training and Capacity Building: The SHGs are provided with training and capacity building to enhance their skills in collection, processing and value addition of forest products. They are also trained in basic financial management, bookkeeping and entrepreneurship.
  • Infrastructure and equipment support: The scheme provides support for infrastructure development and equipment to the SHGs for efficient collection, processing and value addition of forest products. This includes tools and equipment such as drying racks, processing machines, packaging material, etc.
  • Linking to market networks: The SHGs are linked to market networks to sell their products at fair prices. The government also provides marketing support to the SHGs by creating market linkages and branding their products.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation: The implementation of the scheme is monitored and evaluated at various levels to ensure its successful implementation and to address any challenges faced by the SHGs.

Support Provided by the Scheme to Tribal Communities

  1. Capacity building and training: The scheme provides training and capacity building to tribal communities on sustainable harvesting, value addition, and processing of forest products. The training also includes basic financial management, entrepreneurship, and bookkeeping.
  2. Infrastructure and equipment: The scheme provides support for infrastructure development and equipment to the SHGs for efficient collection, processing and value addition of forest products. This includes tools and equipment such as drying racks, processing machines, packaging material, etc.
  3. Market linkages and branding: The scheme links tribal communities to market networks to sell their products at fair prices. The government also provides marketing support to the SHGs by creating market linkages and branding their products.
  4. Financial support: The scheme provides financial support to SHGs through various mechanisms such as credit linkages, seed capital, and revolving fund. This helps SHGs to start and sustain their micro-enterprises.
  5. Technical support: The scheme provides technical support to tribal communities through the involvement of technical agencies and experts. They provide guidance on sustainable harvesting, value addition, processing and quality control of forest products.
  6. Policy support: The scheme provides policy support by creating an enabling environment for the growth of forest-based micro-enterprises. It includes support for regulatory reforms, simplification of procedures, and the provision of incentives to the SHGs.

The support provided by the scheme enables tribal communities to increase their income, enhance their entrepreneurial skills, and generate employment opportunities. It also promotes sustainable forest management practices and preserves the rich biodiversity of the forest areas.

Products Covered Under the Scheme

  1. Medicinal plants: The scheme covers various medicinal plants and herbs that are found in forest areas. These plants are used for their medicinal properties and are in high demand in the pharmaceutical industry.
  2. Bamboo: Bamboo is a versatile plant that can be used for various purposes such as furniture, handicrafts, construction material, etc. The scheme covers the value addition of bamboo products.
  3. Honey: Tribal communities are skilled in traditional beekeeping and the scheme covers the production and processing of honey.
  4. Minor forest produce: The scheme covers a wide range of minor forest produce such as tamarind, amla, sal seeds, lac, etc. These products are used in various industries such as food processing, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
  5. Non-timber forest produce: The scheme also covers non-timber forest produce such as mushrooms, wild fruits, and vegetables, which have high nutritional value and are in high demand in the food industry.
  6. Handicrafts: The scheme covers the production and value addition of various handicrafts made by tribal communities such as baskets, mats, rugs, etc. These handicrafts have high demand in the domestic and international markets.

Benefits

Increased income

The scheme enables tribal communities to increase their income by engaging in sustainable harvesting, value addition, and processing of forest products. This provides a sustainable livelihood for them and reduces their dependence on traditional forms of livelihood.

Employment generation

The scheme generates employment opportunities for tribal communities, especially women, who are involved in the collection, processing, and value addition of forest products. This promotes inclusive and sustainable development.

Promotes entrepreneurship

The scheme promotes entrepreneurship among tribal communities by providing them with training, capacity building, and financial support to start and sustain their micro-enterprises. This enhances their skills and knowledge, which enables them to develop and manage their businesses effectively.

Promotes sustainable forest management

The scheme promotes sustainable forest management practices by enabling tribal communities to harvest forest products in a sustainable manner. This helps in the conservation of the forest ecosystem and its biodiversity.

Provides market linkages

The scheme provides market linkages to tribal communities, enabling them to sell their products at fair prices. This reduces their dependence on middlemen and ensures that they receive a fair price for their products.

Boosts the economy

The scheme promotes the growth of forest-based micro-enterprises, which contributes to the growth of the rural economy. It also generates employment opportunities and promotes inclusive and sustainable development.

Overall, Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Vikas Yojana provides a comprehensive framework for the sustainable development of forest-based micro-enterprises, enabling tribal communities to increase their income, generate employment opportunities, and contribute to the growth of the rural economy.

Challenges and Future Prospects of The Scheme

  1. Limited infrastructure: One of the main challenges of the scheme is the limited infrastructure in remote tribal areas, which hinders the efficient implementation of the scheme.
  2. Lack of awareness: There is a lack of awareness among tribal communities about the scheme and its benefits, which has resulted in low participation rates.
  3. Access to finance: Access to finance is a major challenge faced by tribal communities, which hinders their ability to start and sustain micro-enterprises.
  4. Lack of market linkages: Despite the provision of market linkages under the scheme, there are still challenges in accessing markets for forest-based products, which limits the potential for income generation.

To address these challenges, the government can take various measures, such as investing in infrastructure development, increasing awareness among tribal communities, providing access to finance, and enhancing market linkages for forest-based products.

Conclusion

Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Vikas Yojana is a scheme that aims to promote the sustainable development of tribal communities by providing them with a source of livelihood through the value addition and processing of forest products. The scheme has had a positive impact on the lives of tribal communities by increasing their income, generating employment opportunities, enhancing their skills and knowledge, empowering women

FAQs

What is Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Vikas Yojana?

Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Vikas Yojana is a scheme launched by the Government of India to promote the sustainable development of tribal communities by providing them with a source of livelihood through the value addition and processing of forest products.

What are the key products covered under the scheme?

The scheme covers a wide range of forest products, including medicinal plants, bamboo, lac, honey, and non-timber forest produce (NTFP).

How does the scheme contribute to the development of tribal communities?

The scheme contributes to the development of tribal communities by increasing their income, generating employment opportunities, enhancing their skills and knowledge, empowering women, preserving traditional knowledge, and providing market linkages.

What are the future prospects of the scheme?

The scheme has the potential to bring about significant socio-economic transformation in tribal areas and contribute to the overall development of the country. If implemented effectively, the scheme can lead to inclusive and sustainable development in tribal areas.

Apna Samaaj

Our mission at Apna Samaaj is to connect underprivileged communities in India with the resources and opportunities they need to thrive. We aim to create a comprehensive platform that provides access to welfare schemes from government bodies and NGOs, as well as private organizations, helping to bridge the gap between those in need and those who can provide support. Through our efforts, we strive to empower individuals and communities, drive economic growth, and make a positive impact on society.