CLEAN INDIA MISSION
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, also known as Clean India Mission, is a nationwide campaign launched by the Government of India in 2014 to promote cleanliness, hygiene, and sanitation across the country. The campaign was officially launched on October 2, 2014, coinciding with the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who was a strong advocate of cleanliness and sanitation.
The main objective of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to create a clean and healthy environment for citizens of India. The campaign aims to achieve this goal by promoting various activities such as constructing toilets in rural and urban areas, promoting waste segregation and management, and improving the overall cleanliness of public places like streets, roads, and railway stations.
N.1 CLEAN CITY under Swacch bharat abhiyan
Indore is a city located in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, and it is known for being the cleanest city in India according to the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Mission, which is a national campaign launched by the Government of India in 2014 to promote cleanliness and hygiene across the country.
Indore has consistently ranked as the cleanest city in India in the Swachh Survekshan, an annual survey conducted by the Government of India to measure the cleanliness and sanitation of cities in India. In 2020, Indore was ranked as the cleanest city in India for the fourth consecutive year.
A key components of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is the construction of toilets in rural areas. Prior to the launch of the campaign, India was facing a severe shortage of toilets. This resulted in poor sanitation and hygiene practices. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has helped to address this issue by constructing millions of toilets across the country, especially in rural areas. The campaign has also promoted the use of toilets and the practice of proper sanitation and hygiene. This has helped to improve the health and well-being of citizens.
Another important aspect of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is the promotion of waste segregation and management. The campaign has encouraged citizens to separate their waste into recyclable and non-recyclable categories, which has helped to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills. The campaign has also promoted the use of composting and recycling, which has helped to reduce the amount of waste generated and promote sustainable practices
The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has also helped to improve the overall cleanliness of public places like streets, roads, and railway stations. The campaign has encouraged citizens to take responsibility for keeping their surroundings clean. It has promoted use of dustbins and waste disposal facilities. The campaign has also involved the participation of various stakeholders such as government agencies, NGOs, and local communities. This has helped to create a sense of ownership and responsibility towards maintaining cleanliness
Overall, the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has been a significant step towards achieving a clean and healthy environment for all citizens of India. The campaign has not only helped to improve the physical environment but has also created awareness about the importance of cleanliness, sanitation, and hygiene. The success of the campaign can be seen in the improvement in the overall cleanliness and sanitation across the country. However, there is still much work to be done to achieve the campaign’s objectives fully.
The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched in 2014.Since then, the Indian government has made efforts to improve cleanliness, sanitation, and hygiene in the country. Some of the notable achievements of the campaign include:
- Construction of toilets: As of August 2021, over 100 million toilets have been built across the country, which has helped to improve sanitation and hygiene in both rural and urban areas.
- Open defecation free (ODF) status: The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has also helped to achieve ODF status for several states, districts, and cities across the country. As of August 2021, over 650,000 villages and 731 districts have been declared ODF, which means that they have access to toilets and have eliminated open defecation.
- Waste management: The campaign has also focused on promoting waste segregation, composting, and recycling. Several cities and municipalities have implemented effective waste management systems, which has helped to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills.
- Public awareness: The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has created significant public awareness about the importance of cleanliness, sanitation, and hygiene. The campaign has involved various stakeholders, including government agencies, NGOs, and local communities, which has helped to create a sense of ownership and responsibility towards maintaining cleanliness.
While there have been significant achievements in the last nine years, there is still much work to be done to achieve the campaign’s objectives fully. There are still several challenges that need to be addressed, such as improving the quality of toilets and ensuring their proper maintenance, addressing the issue of open defecation in certain areas, and improving waste management in all cities and municipalities.
swachh bharat hi swastha bharat hai
Latest Update about Swachh Bharat Abhiyan – The Finance Ministry announced in February 2021 that Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0 will be launched under the “Health and Wellbeing” vertical. The SBM-U phase-II will have a new component of wastewater treatment, including faecal sludge management in all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) with less than 1 lakh population
THIS abhiyan is one of the most popular and significant missions in the History of India. This campaign was introduced by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, and was launched on 2nd October 2014 to honour Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of a Clean country. As a result of these efforts the leading pillar Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi received the award of “Global Goalkeeper” from the Gates Foundation for the initiative of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on September 25, 2019, in New York. This Swachh Bharat Abhiyan campaign is being run on national level in all the towns, rural and urban areas. It consists of following components
- ‘Plastic se Raksha’
- ‘Swachhta Pakhwada’
- ‘Swachhta Shramdaan’
- ‘Swachhta hee Seva
In the second stage following objectives are sought to be achieved
- ODF+ certification to all statutory towns.
- ODF++ certification to all statutory towns with less than 1 lakh population.
- Water+ certification to half of all the statutory towns with less than 1 lakh population.
- Rating of at least 3-star Garbage Free to all statutory towns as per Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA’s) Star Rating Protocol for Garbage Free cities.
- Bio-remediation of all legacy dumpsites
The concept of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to provide basic sanitation facilities like toilets, solid and liquid waste disposal systems, village cleanliness, and safe and adequate drinking water supply to every person
The action plan for the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is laid by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The vision is to triple the facility of sanitation by 2019. The major change to be implemented is in the Making of an Open Defecation Free(ODF) India.
Action Plan Highlights:
- Improve the growth percentage of toilets from 3% to 10% by 2019
- Increase in the construction of toilets from 14000 to 48000 daily
- Launch of a National Level/State Level Media campaign through audio-visual, mobile telephony, and local programmes to communicate the message of awareness.
- Involvement of school children in the activities for spreading awareness on Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene.
Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 1.0
- Coming to Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), it is under the Ministry of Urban Development and is commissioned to give sanitation and household toilet facilities in all 4041 statutory towns with a combined population of 377 million.
- The estimated cost is Rs 62,009 crore over five years with the centre’s share of assistance being Rs 14,623 crore.
- The Mission hopes to cover 1.04 crore households, give 2.5 lakh community toilet seats, 2.6 lakh public toilet seats
- It also proposes to establish solid waste management facilities in every town.
At the core of this mission lie six components:
- Individual household toilets;
- Community toilets;
- Public toilets;
- Municipal Solid Waste Management;
- Information and Education Communication (IEC) and Public Awareness;
- Capacity Building
- The Urban Clean India mission seeks to eradicate open defecation; convert insanitary toilets to flush toilets; eradicate manual scavenging, and facilitate solid waste management.
- The mission emphasizes on ushering in a behavioral change among people, for healthy sanitation practices, by educating them about the damaging effects of open defecation, the environmental dangers spreading from strewn garbage, and so on.
- To achieve these objectives, urban local bodies are being brought in and fortified to design, implement and operate systems to promote a facilitating environment for the participation of the private sector in terms of both capital and operations expenditure.