EMPOWERING WOMEN WITH CLEAN ENERGY
Clean energy for cooking -the right of every woman
Ujjwala Scheme is a government initiative in India launched in 2007.It was aimed at preventing trafficking of women and children and rescuing, reintegrating, and rehabilitating victims of commercial sexual exploitation
Trafficking of children and women for commercial sexual exploitation is an organized crime violating basic human rights. Lack of a protective environment, low status of women, and poverty are a few reasons for trafficking. Ujjawala is a thorough scheme launched by the government for the prevention of illicit trafficking and also for the rescue, reintegration, and rehabilitation of the victims who were trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation.
- Prevention of trafficking of children and women for commercial sexual exploitation by means of social mobilization and awareness generation programmes, the participation of local communities, generation of public debates, and opinions through seminars/workshops and other innovative activities.
- Facilitating the rescue of victims and placing them in safe custody.
- Provision of rehabilitation services to the victims through the provision of basic amenities and needs like food, clothing, shelter, medical help, legal aid, guidance, counseling as well as vocational training.
- For working towards reintegrating the victims into their family and the society at large.
- Facilitating cross-border victims to repatriate into their home country.
WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IS THE BROAD VISION
Ujjawala scheme components:
Women Empowerment is the overall progress of women and, accepting and including them in the decision-making process. It also means providing them with equal opportunities for growth and development in society, and disapproving gender bias.
Article 15(3) mentions the welfare of women and children enshined with wordings as “Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children.”
Ministry for women and child development has collaborated with Facebook on November 19, 2019, to enhance digital literacy and online safety for women and children in India. The campaign categorized under the Global Literacy Program is named “We Think Digital”.
Women and children are a vital part of Indian society.
Pradhan mantri ujjwala yojana
SWACCH INDHAN BEHTAR JEEVAN
[Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Mody]
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) is a related scheme launched in 2016 to provide LPG connections to women from Below Poverty Line (BPL) households and reduce dependency on unclean cooking fuels. The original aim of PMUY was to distribute 5 crore LPG connections to women of BPL families, but it was later expanded to include 8 crore poor households. The scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
NEED for the scheme
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is a scheme of the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas for providing LPG connections to women from Below Poverty Line (BPL) households.
The scheme was launched on 1st May 2016 in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh.
The target under the scheme was to release 8 Crore LPG Connections to the deprived households by March 2020. Under the Union Budget for FY 21-22, provision for release of additional 1 Crore LPG connections under the PMUY scheme has been made. In this phase, special facility has been given to migrant families.
As on 1st March 2023 there are 9.59 crore PMUY beneficiaries.
- SC Households
- ST Households
- Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Gramin)
- Most Backward Classes
- Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY)
- Tea and Ex- Tea Garden tribes
- Forest Dwellers
- People residing in Islands and River Islands
- SECC Households (AHL TIN)
- Poor Household as per 14-point declaration
- Applicant must have attained 18 years of age.
- There should not be any other LPG connections in the same household.
BENEFITS TO CITIZENS
Cash assistance for PMUY connections is provided by Government of India – Rs. 1600 (for a connection 14.2kg cylinder/ Rs. 1150 for a 5 kg cylinder). The cash assistance covers:
- Security Deposit of Cylinder – Rs. 1250 for 14.2 kg cylinder/ Rs. 800 for 5 kg cylinder
- Pressure Regulator – Rs. 150
- LPG Hose – Rs. 100
- Domestic Gas Consumer Card – Rs. 25
- Inspection/ Installation/ Demonstration charges – Rs. 75
Additionally, All PMUY beneficiaries will be provided with first LPG refill and Stove (hotplate) both free of cost along with their deposit free connection by the Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs).
For the year 2023-24, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved a subsidy of Rs. 200 per 14.2 kg cylinder for up to 12 refills per year to be provided to the beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY).
- A woman of the BPL household, which does not have access to LPG connection may apply for a new LPG connection to the LPG distributor. For online application, click here.
- While submitting the application form, the woman will submit the following details
- Know Your Customer (KYC)
- Ration Card issued by the State from which application is being made/ other State Govt. document certifying family composition/ Self-Declaration as per Annexure I (for migrant applicants)
- Aadhaar of beneficiary and adult family members appearing in document at Sl. 2
- Proof of Address – Aadhaar will be taken as Proof of Identity and Proof of Address if the connection is required in the same address. In that case only Aadhaar is sufficient.
- Bank Account Number and IFSC
- The LPG Field officials will match the application against SECC – 2011 database and, after ascertaining their BPL status, enter the details (name, address etc) into a dedicated OMC Web portal through a login/ password given by the OMCs
- OMCs will undertake electronically the de-duplication exercise and other measures for due diligence for a new LPG connection
- The connection shall be issued by the OMC to the eligible beneficiaries (after completion of various stages above).
- While the connection charges would be borne by the Government, the OMCs would provide an option for the new consumer to opt for EMIs, if she so desires, to cover the cost of a cooking stove and first refill. The EMI amount may be recovered by the OMCs from the subsidy amount due to the consumer on each refill; In case the State Government or a voluntary organization or an individual wishes to contribute the cost of a stove and/or first refill, they would be free to do so in coordination with the OMCs. However, this would be under the overall umbrella of PMUY and no other Scheme name/ tagline would be allowed without express approval of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoP&NG)
- OMCs will also organize Melas’ at various locations for release of connections to BPL families. This will be done in the presence of public representatives and distinguished personalities of the area.
- The scheme will cover BPL families under all forms of distributorship and for various sizes of cylinders (like 14.2 kg, 5 kg, etc.) depending on f the field situation.
The Ujjwala Yojana, also known as the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), is a scheme launched by the Government of India in 2016 to provide clean cooking fuel to women from below poverty line households. The scheme aims to promote the use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as a cooking fuel and reduce the dependence on traditional fuels such as firewood, cow dung, and charcoal.
Under the Ujjwala Yojana, the government provides a financial assistance of Rs. 1600 to each eligible beneficiary for the connection of an LPG cylinder. The scheme also includes a free-of-cost installation of a gas stove and regulator, and the first refill is also offered for free. The beneficiaries are identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) and the targeted subsidy is given directly to their bank accounts.
The Ujjwala Yojana has been successful in promoting the use of LPG as a cooking fuel in rural and economically weaker sections of the society. It has also helped in reducing indoor air pollution caused by traditional fuels, which is a major health hazard in rural areas.
As of September 2021, the Ujjwala Yojana has covered over 8.5 crore households across the country, including in remote and inaccessible areas. The scheme has been particularly beneficial for women as they no longer have to spend long hours collecting firewood and cooking on traditional stoves, which often caused health issues due to smoke inhalation.
The Ujjwala Yojana has also created employment opportunities for women as it encourages the setting up of small-scale LPG distributorships, providing income-generating opportunities to women entrepreneurs.
Overall, the Ujjwala Yojana has been a significant step towards providing clean cooking fuel and improving the lives and health of millions of women across India